Election polls: description vs. prediction

My papers To Explain or To Predict and Predictive Analytics in Information Systems Research contrast the process and uses of predictive modeling and causal-explanatory modeling. I briefly mentioned there a third type of modeling: descriptive. However, I haven’t expanded on how descriptive modeling differs from the other two types (causal explanation and prediction). While descriptive and predictive modeling both share the reliance on correlations, whereas explanatory modeling relies on causality, the former two are in fact different. Descriptive modeling aims to give a parsimonious statistical representation of a distribution or relationship, whereas predictive modeling aims at generating values for new/future observations. … Continue reading Election polls: description vs. prediction

What’s in a name? “Data” in Mandarin Chinese

The term “data”, now popularly used in many languages, is not as innocent as it seems. The biggest controversy that I’ve been aware of is whether the English term “data” is singular or plural. The tone of an entire article would be different based on the author’s decision. In Hebrew, the word is in plural (Netunim, with the final “im” signifying plural), so no question arises. Today I discovered another “data” duality, this time in Mandarin Chinese. In Taiwan, the term used is 資料 (Zīliào), while in Mainland China it is 數據 (Shùjù). Which one to use? What is the … Continue reading What’s in a name? “Data” in Mandarin Chinese

Early detection of what?

The interest in using pre-diagnostic data for the early detection of disease outbreaks, has evolved in interesting ways in the last 10 years. In the early 2000s, I was involved in an effort to explore the potential of non-traditional data sources, such as over-the-counter pharmacy sales and web searches on medical websites, which might give earlier signs of a disease outbreak than confirmed diagnostic data (lab tests, doctor diagnoses, etc.). The pre-diagnostic data sources that we looked at were not only expected to have an earlier footprint of the outbreak compared to traditional diagnostic data, but they were also collected … Continue reading Early detection of what?